基于区块链的电动汽车充电桩共享平台策略研究
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1.上海电机学院 电气学院;2.同济大学 经济与管理学院

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国家自然科学基金(11304200);上海市自然科学基金项目(15ZR1417300)


Research on Sharing Platform of EV Charging Piles Based on Block Chain
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1.Shanghai Dianji University;2.Tongji University,

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    摘要:

    针对充电桩数量不足,各充电桩运营商平台相互独立的问题,文章提出基于区块链的电动汽车充电桩共享平台策略研究。首先分析采用区块链搭建平台的可行性,建立基于区块链的电动汽车充电桩共享平台,设计交易平台的工作流程。然后构建三层寻找充电桩策略,以不同时段用户的不同成本需求最低为目标函数,运用粒子群算法求解,为电动汽车用户寻找最优充电桩。最后,利用MATALAB平台仿真,仿真结果表明采用区块链可提高平台的安全性;三层寻找充电桩策略能根据用户的不同需求匹配最优充电桩,降低用户充电成本,提高充电桩利用率,降低晚间电动汽车集体充电数。

    Abstract:

    In order to solve the problem that the number of charging piles is insufficient and the platforms of each charging pile operator are independent, this paper proposes the strategy of sharing platform of charging piles for EV based on block chain. Firstly, the paper analyzes the feasibility of building platform with block chain, establishes the electric vehicle charging pile sharing platform based on block chain, and designs the workflow of the trading platform. Then, a three-layer charging pile strategy is constructed to find the optimal charging pile for EV users by using particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Finally, the MATLAB platform simulation results show that the security of the platform can be improved by using block chain, and the three-layer charging pile strategy can match the optimal charging pile according to the different needs of users, thus reducing the charging cost of users, increase the utilization ratio of charging post and reduce the collective charging number of EVs at night.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-10-07
  • 最后修改日期:2020-11-27
  • 录用日期:2020-12-03
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