Singlephasetoground fault section location in small current grounded system is generally realized by a master station comprehensively calculating several different electrical quantities. This method is unsuitable for distribution networks with complex structures since its large workload and complicated calculations easily brings large errors. Under the background, a fault location method of distribution network based on threephase current amplitude analysis is proposed. In views of the analysis on the threephase current of singlephasetoground fault in small current grounded system, the current changes of the two nonfault phases on the fault path are approximately equal and less than the current change of fault phase. The phase current change of the two nonfault phases on the nonfault path are approximately equal and also equal to the current change of fault phase. By calculating the amplitude change of threephase current before and after fault and setting the criterion, the fault phase can be selected and the fault section can be located. ATP simulation results verify the applicability in neutral ungrounded system and neutral point grounding system via arc suppression coil. The local location of fault is realized successfully. The proposed method is simple in location criterion and reduces the computational complexity of the master station.
WAN Xinshu, FANG Lianhang, LIANG Yu, et al. Method of fault section location for the small current singlephasetoground fault based on the amplitude analysis of threephase current[J]. Journal of Electric Power Science and Technology,2020,35(4):49-57.